APII Study Guide Home Page

 

Digestive System Study Guide

Layers of the Digestive Tract

 

Peritoneum:

Mesentery

Mucosa

Submocousa

Muscularis

Serosa:

 

Digestive Tract

Oral Cavity

 

Mouth

Soft Palate

Hard Palate

Tongue

Salivary Glands

Teeth

 

Oral Cavity

Tongue

Tongue

Salivary Glands:

Buccal Glands

Parotid Gland

Submandibular Gland

Sublingual Gland

 

Salivary Glands

Teeth

Incisors

Central Incisor

Lateral Incisor

Cuspid (canine)

Bicuspid Premolar

First Molar

Second Molar

Third (wisdom teeth)

Teeth

Tooth Structure

Crown:

Gum (gingival):

Enamel

Root:

Dentin:

 

Tooth

Pharynx & Esophagus

 

Pharynx

Pharnyx

Esophagus

Histology

Mucosa

Submocousa

Smooth Muscle

Esophageal Hiatus

 

Esophagus

Stomach

 

Cardiac Region

Cardiac (Esophageal) Sphincter

Fundus

Body

  • Lesser Curve
  • Greater Curve

Pylorus

Pyloric Sphincter

Rugae of Mucosa

Stomach

Mnemonic

The CAR is FUN 'til the BODY PITS

CARdiac

FUNdus

BODY

Pylorus

Stomach

Gastric pits

Mucosa

Submocousa

Smooth Muscle

 

Stomach

http://www.colorado.edu/epob/epob3420rheisler/histology%

Small Intestine

 

Duodenum

Jejunum

 Ileum

 

Small intestine

Small Intestine

(Histology)

Villi and microvilli

Mucosa

Submocousa

Smooth Muscle

 

Small Intestine

Large Intestine

 

Gross Anatomy

Ileocecal Valve

Teniae Coli: 

Haustra: 

Epiploic Appendages: 

 

Large Intestine

Cecum

Appendix

Colon

Ascending Colon

Transverse Colon

Descending Colon

Sigmoid Colon

Rectum

Anal Canal

Large Intestine

Histology

 

Goblet c=Cells 

Mucosa

Submocousa

Smooth Muscle

 

Large Intestine

Anal Canal

Anal Sphincters

  • internal 
  • external 

 

Anal Canal

Liver & Gallbladder

 

Right Lobe

Left Lobe

Caudate Lobe

Quadrate Lobe  

 

 

 

Liver

Mnemonic:

Use a  newspaper headline about the wheelchair bound fellow who left a party right after his ugly girlfriend departed: "QUAD LEFT RIGHT after COW-DATE

Quadrate

Left

Right

Caudate

Blood Vessels

Hepatic Artery

Hepatic Portal Vein

 

Common Hepatic Duct

 

Liver

Liver Lobules (Histology)

Hepatocytes:

Sinusoids

Central Vein

Portal Triad  

 Hepatic Portal Artery,

 Hepatic Portal Vein

 Bile Duct

Bile Canaliculi  

Liver Histolgoy

Gallbladder

Cystic Duct

Common bile duct

 

Gallbladder
Pancreas

 

Pancreatic Duct

 

Pancreas

Pancreas

(Histology)

Acinar (exocrine) cells

Islets (endocrine) cells

 

Pancreas

 

 

Mnemonics

Dow Jones Industrial Average Closing Stock Report
From proximal to distal:
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Appendix
Colon
Sigmoid
Rectum

.
Dublin Sisters Ceramic Red Colored Jewelry Apparently Illegal":
--2-4 letters of each component:
Duodenum
Sigmoid
Cecum
Rectum
Colon
Jejunum
Appendix
Ileum

 

The 5 sphincters found in the Alimentary Canal are APE HIL:  not in order

Anal,

Pyloric

Esophogeal

Hepatopancreatic

ILeocecum