APII Notes Home Page

Female Reproductive Study Guide

Histology

Female Reproductive Lab Assignment

Female Reproductive System

Anatomy and Histology

Ovary

I). Ovaries

A). Location of ovaries

The broad and round ligaments hold the uterus, uterine tube and vagina.

B). General Anatomy

1). Outer cortex

2). Inner medullary region

 

Female reproductive anatomy

Ovarian Histology

Follicular Histology

http://www.cvm.okstate.edu/instruction/mm_curr/histology/HistologyReference/HRFemaleRS.htm

http://home.mc.ntu.edu.tw/~histol/Ffolder_html/Female.htm

C).  Follicle Anatomy

Anatomy

i). oocyte

ii). follicle cells: 1 layer

iii). granulosa cells: more than 1 layer

 

Follicular Histology
 

http://home.mc.ntu.edu.tw/~histol/Ffolder_html/Female.htm

iv). Stages of follicle maturation

a). Primordial follicle Only 1   layer of cells

b). Primary follicle 2 or more layers of cells.

c). Secondary follicle: fluid filled space

d). Vesicular (Graafian) follicle: Bulges

e). Corpus luteum: The ruptured follicle

 

Ovary
HISTOLOGY

Draw a general view of the ovarian cortex:

LABEL

  • primordial follicle

  • mature or developing follicle

  • oocyte

 

 

 

ttp://www.siumed.edu/~dking2/erg/RE006b.htm

Also draw a series of 4 follicles in various stages of  development (IN ORDER OF DEVELOPMENT)

LABEL

  • primordial follicle

  • developing follicle

  • mature follicle

  • oocyte
  • granulosa cells
  • corpus luteum

 

 

 

 

 

http://classroom.sdmesa.edu/anatomy/Histologypages/reproductive.htm

primordial follicle

developing follicle

primordial follicle

developing follicles

mature follicle

corpus luteum

mature follicle

coorpus luteum

 

 

Gross anatomy of the ovary

Gross anatomy of the ovary

http://www.cvm.okstate.edu/instruction/mm_curr/histology/HistologyReference/HRFemaleRS.htm
II). Female Duct System

A). Uterine Tubes (Fallopian Tubes or Oviducts)

1). Function

2). Anatomy

The ampulla curves around the ovary.

The ampulla ends at the infundibulum that terminates in finger projections called fimbrae.

It connects to the uterus at the isthmus.

uterine tube

 

http://www.tubal-reversal.net/tubal_ligation_fallopian_tube.htm

3). Oocyte is expelled into the peritoneal cavity arrow

the fimbrae capture the oocyte arrow

it travels through the ampulla  (it maybe fertilized here) arrow

reaches the uterus at the isthmus.

4). Histology

LABEL:

  • lumen

  • folds of mucosa

  • muscular layer

 

 

Uterine tube histology
 

http://home.mc.ntu.edu.tw/~histol/Ffolder_html/Female.html

B). Uterus:

1). Found

2). Function

3). Anatomy

i). Body major portion

ii). Fundus: superior region

iii). Lumen: Interior

iv). Cervix: Narrow neck; end of the vagina.

v). Cervical canal: Cavity

vi). Vagina: External opening;

Female reproductive anatomy

4) Pathology

 

5) Uterine wall histology

LABEL

  • lumen

  • endometrium

  • myometrium

  • perimetrum

 

Uterine Histology
 

http://www.cvm.okstate.edu/instruction/mm_curr/histology/HistologyReference

Female reprocutive organs

Female reproductive organs

C). Vagina

Found

Function

 
III). Female External Genitalia (or vulva)

A). Mons pubis: Overlies the pubic symphysis

B). Labia majora and labia minora.

encircle vestibule

1). urethra

2). vagina

3). greater vestibular glands:

C). Clitoris

D). Perineum: between anus and vulva.

External Female Reproductive Anatomy
IV). Mammary Glands

Modified sweat glands

Function

External Anatomy

1). Nipple

2) Areola

 

Breast Anatomy
Internal Anatomy

1). Gland system divides into:

15 lobes the arrow

that divide into lobules arrow

the alveoli that produce milk

2) Milk pass from the alveoli arrow

lactiferous ducts arrow

lactiferous sinus where it accumulates.

Breast Anatomy

3).  suspensory ligaments

 

Female Reproductive Study Guide