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STUDY GUIDE PRACTICAL II

CONNECTIVE TISSUE & SKELETAL SYSTEM

Know the spelling of all terms

 

1.      Connective Tissues

1.1.   Be able to list the types of connective tissue

1.1.1.      Connective Tissue Proper

1.1.2.      Cartilage

1.1.3.      Bone

1.1.4.      Blood

1.2.   Be able to identify the characteristics and functions of the following tissues. 

1.3.   Be able to identify the following tissues on a slide.

1.3.1.      Connective Tissue Proper

1.3.1.1.            Loose Connective Tissue

1.3.1.2.            Areolar Connective tissue

1.3.1.3.            Adipose

1.3.1.4.            Reticular Connective Tissue

1.3.1.5.            Dense Connective Tissue

1.3.2.      Cartilage: Identify 3 types of cartilage and which one is the most common.

1.3.2.1.            Hyaline Cartilage

1.3.2.2.            Elastic Cartilage

1.3.2.3.            Fibrocartilage

1.3.3.      Bone:  Know the osteon histology. 

1.3.3.1.            Haversianís canal

1.3.3.2.             lamella

1.3.3.3.            lacunae

1.3.4.      Blood

If the bone and structure was identified in class it is fair game for the practical.  I have limited the structures posted .  Learn how to eliminate impossible answers and arrive at the right answer.

 

2.      Skeletal System (markings and long bone structure)

2.1.   Identify the anatomical directions.  (i.e. distal, proximal, anterior, etc)

2.2.   Define the term articulates.

2.3.   Identify left and right on the following appendicular bone belongs.

2.3.1.      Clavicle

2.3.2.      Scapula

2.3.3.      Humerus

2.3.4.      Femur

2.3.5.      Tibia

2.3.6.      Coxa

2.4.   Identify the following structures of long bones: (There will be cow bones)

2.4.1.      compact bone

2.4.2.      spongy bone

2.4.3.      yellow bone marrow

2.4.4.      red bone marrow

2.4.5.      periosteum

Be able to identify all of the following bones and structures and know the bone it articulates to:

3.       Skull (identify right or left on  the bones of the skull where is applies)

3.1.   suture joints

3.1.1.           coronal

3.1.2.           sagittal

3.1.3.           squamous.

3.1.4.           lamdoid 

3.2.   cranium (know right from left where it applies)

3.2.1.      fontal bone

3.2.1.1.            frontal sinuses

3.2.2.      parietal bone

3.2.3.      occipital bone

3.2.3.1.            foramen magnum

3.2.3.2.            occipital condyle

3.2.4.      temporal

3.2.4.1.            zygomatic process

3.2.4.2.            external auditory (acoustic) meatus

3.2.5.      sphenoid bone

3.2.5.1.            sella turcica

3.2.5.2.            sphenoid sinuses

3.2.6.      ethmoid bone

3.3.   facial bones

3.3.1.      maxillary bones

3.3.1.1.            infraorbital foreman

3.3.1.2.            maxillary sinuses

3.3.1.3.            palatine process

3.3.2.      palatine bones

3.3.3.      zygomatic bones

3.3.3.1.            zygomatic arch

3.3.4.      lacrimal bones

3.3.5.      nasal bones

3.3.6.      vomer

3.3.7.      mandible

3.3.7.1.            mandibular ramus

3.3.7.2.            mandibular condyle

3.4.   orbits

3.4.1.      orbital canal

3.4.2.      superior  orbital fissure

3.4.3.      inferior orbital fissures

3.5.   sinuses

3.5.1.      Identify which bones contain sinuses

3.6.   hyoid bone

3.6.1.      Identify  that it is the only bone that does not articulate with another bone

4.      Pectoral Girdle & Arm

4.1.   pectoral girdle

4.1.1.      clavicle

4.1.2.      scapula (know left & right)

4.1.2.1.            spine

4.1.2.2.            acromion process

4.1.2.3.            superior border

4.1.2.4.            medial border

4.1.2.5.            lateral border

4.2.   humerus (know left & right)

4.2.1.      head of the humerus

4.2.2.      tubercle

4.2.3.      condyle

4.2.4.      epicondyles

4.2.5.      olecranon fossae

4.2.6.      Be able to identify what position the arm needs to be in for the olecranon process to fit into the fossae.

4.3.   forearm

4.3.1.      ulna

4.3.1.1.            olecranon process

4.3.1.2.            trochlear notch

4.3.2.      radius

4.4.   hand & wrist

4.4.1.      carpals

4.4.2.      metacarpals (1 to 5)

4.4.3.      phalanges

4.4.3.1.            proximal

4.4.3.2.            distal

4.4.3.3.            media

5.      Pelvic Girdle and Legs

5.1.   Coxae (pelvic girdle)

5.1.1.1.            Be able to identify right from left

5.1.1.2.            Describe how to identify a male pelvis from a female

5.1.2.         ilium

5.1.2.1.            sciatic notch

5.1.2.2.            iliac crest

5.1.3.         ischium

5.1.3.1.            ischial spine

5.1.3.2.            ischial tuberosity

5.1.3.3.            obturator forame

5.1.4.         pubis or pubic bone

5.1.4.1.            pubic arch

5.1.4.2.            acetebullum

5.2. femur----be able  to identify right from left

5.2.1.         head of the femur

5.2.2.         greater & lesser trochanter

5.2.3.         lateral & medial condyles

5.2.4.         patellar surface

5.3. patella

5.3.1.         Identify it as a  sesamoid bone

5.3.2.         Identify where on the femur it articulates

5.4. lower leg

5.4.1.         tibia---be able to identify right from left

5.4.1.1.            medial malleolus

5.4.1.2.            anterior crest 

5.4.1.3.            medial & lateral condyles

5.4.2.          fibula

5.5. foot & ankle

5.5.1.         tarsals

5.5.1.1.            calcaneus 

5.5.1.2.            talus 

5.5.1.3.            navicular

5.5.2.         metatarsals  (1 to 5)

5.5.3.         phalanges

5.5.3.1.            proximal phalanx

5.5.3.2.            medial phalanx

5.5.3.3.            distal phalanx

6.      Vertebrae

6.1.Identify how many vertebrae make up each region

6.2.Be able to identify each type of vertebrae.

6.2.1.         cervical

6.2.2.         thoracic

6.2.3.         lumbar

6.2.4.         atlas

6.2.5.         axis

6.2.6.         sacrum

6.2.7.         coccyx

6.3.intervertebral discs

6.4.intervertebral foramina

6.5.   vertebrae

6.5.1.      vertebral body

6.5.2.      spinous processes

6.5.3.      vertebral foramen

6.5.4.      transverse processes

6.5.5.      Identify which ones have transverse foramen

7.      Thoracic Cage

7.1.   ribs

7.1.1.      Identify  how many pairs of ribs there are

7.1.2.      Identify true from false from floating ribs and why are they  named that way

7.2.   sternum

7.2.1.      body

7.2.2.      manubrium

7.2.3.       xiphoid process