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Study Guide

Vertebrae & Thorax

 

 

 

 

  Vertebrae

Column

Cervical

vertebral column

Thoracic:

Lumbar

Sacrum

Coccyx

Curves:

  • Cervical curvature

  • Thoracic curvature

  • Lumbar curvature

  • Sacral curvature

 

Ligaments

  • Anterior Longitudinal Ligaments

  • Posterior Longitudinal Ligaments

 

Anterior and Posterior longitudinal ligaments

Intervertebral Foramina

Intervertebral Discs

intervertebral disc

 

 

 

 

 

Vertebrae

 

General Structure

 

 

 

 

  • Vertebral Body

  • Vertebral Arch

  • Pedicles

  • Laminae

  • Spinous processes

  • Vertebral Foramen

  • Spinous processes

  • Transverse Processes

  • Superior & Inferior Processes

vertebrae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cervical

(C1 to C7)

Atlas

(C1)

inferior and superior articulating facets

C1 atlas

Axis.

(C2)

Dens or

Odontoid Processes

c2 axis

(C3-C7)

Transverse Foramen

c3 to c7

Thoracic Vertebrae

(T1 to T12)

  • Long spinous process

  • Articular Facet

thoracic vertebrae

Lumbar Vertebrae   (L1 to L5)

 

lumbar vertebrae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vertebrae

 

 

Sacrum

Anterior

  •   Sacral Promontory:

  • Ventral Sacral Foramina

  Posterior

  • Median sacral crest:

  • Dorsal sacral foramina

  • Sacral Canal

  • Sacral Hiatus

sacrum anterior view

sacrum posterior view

Coccyx

 

 

 

coccyx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thorax Cage

Sternum

  • Manubrium

  • Body

  • Xiphoid

rib cage and sternum

 

 

 

 

 

Ribs

  • True Ribs

  • False Ribs

  • Floating Ribs 

  • Shaft

  • costal groove.

  • Head of the rib.

  • tubercle.

 

rib

 

Mnemonic

Breakfast at 7, Lunch at 12 and Dinner at 5

7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae & 5 lumbar vertebrae