API Study Guide Home Page          

 

Organic Compounds

 

Comparisons of Units & Groupings

 

Smallest Unit

Larger Grouping

Atom

Element

Molecule

Compound

Monomer

Polymer

 

Organic Monomers and Polymers

 

Types of Organic Molecules

Monomers

Polymers

 

Carbohydrates

Simple Carbohydrates

or monocarbohydrates

(glucose)

Complex Carbohydrate

or polycarbohydrates

(starch)

 

Lipids

 

Fatty acids

Saturated fats

Polyunsaturated fats

Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Peptides & Proteins

Nucleic Acids

Nucleic Acids

DNA & RNA

                   

Enzyme function

enzyme

 

Nucleotide Groups for DNA & RNA

DNA

RNA

Adenine

Adenine

Guanine

Guanine

Cytosine

Cytosine

Thymine

Uracil